Florence Nightingale Journal of Nursing
Research Article

Beliefs and Predictors of Negative Attitudes Toward Obesity Among Turkish Healthcare Professionals: Assessing the Bias with Sub-group Analysis


Division of Adolescent Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Hacettepe University İhsan Dogramacı Children’s Hospital, Ankara, Turkey


Department of Psychology, Hacettepe University, Ankara, Turkey


Department of Pediatrics, Yıldırım Beyazıt University, Ankara, Turkey

Florence Nightingale J Nurs 2023; 31: 115-121
DOI: 10.5152/FNJN.2023.22306
Read: 873 Downloads: 378 Published: 01 June 2023

AIM: This study aimed to examine Turkish healthcare professionals’ beliefs and predictors of negative attitudes toward obesity and to investigate whether those beliefs and negative attitudes differ per their profession and sociodemographic and familial variables.

METHOD: In this cross-sectional study, healthcare professionals (n = 495) working in four hospitals of Ankara completed a sociodemographic questionnaire and two self-report scales: the Attitudes Toward Obese Persons Scale and the Beliefs About Obese Persons Scale. Data were collected during May, 2018.

RESULTS: Female healthcare professionals had significantly higher (p = 0.03) positive attitude scores than males, and nurses had significantly higher (p = 0.04) Beliefs About Obese Persons Scale scores than physicians, representing their belief that obesity is not under the control of the individual. The Attitudes Toward Obese Persons Scale scores of university hospital healthcare professionals were significantly higher (p = 0.00) than those of public hospital and private hospital healthcare professionals, and Attitudes Toward Obese Persons Scale scores of healthcare professionals who have a family member with a chronic disease were significantly higher (p = 0.027) than those who do not.

CONCLUSION: The work experience, spending more time with a patient, and having a member of the family with a chronic illness lead to a more positive attitude toward people with obesity. This result emphasizes the importance of interventions that promote sensitive and empathic communication skills.

Cite this article as: Tüzün, Z., Akgül, S., Işıklı, S., Taş, D., & Kanbur, N. (2023). Beliefs and predictors of negative attitudes toward obesity among Turkish healthcare professionals: assessing the bias with sub-group analysis. Florence Nightingale Journal of Nursing, 31(2), 115-121.

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