Florence Nightingale Journal of Nursing
Research Article

Concerns of High-Risk Pregnancies During Pandemic: COVID-19 and Fear of Birth


Department of Nursing, Sakarya University, Institute of Health Sciences, Sakarya, Turkey


Department of Pediatric Nursing, Bilecik Şeyh Edebali University, Faculty of Health Sciences, Bilecik, Turkey


Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Sakarya Education and Research Hospital, Sakarya, Turkey


Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Sakarya University, Sakarya, Turkey

Florence Nightingale J Nurs 2022; 30: 274-280
DOI: 10.5152/FNJN.2022.21251
Read: 899 Downloads: 463 Published: 15 August 2022

AIM: This study was conducted to determine the fear of birth and coronavirus disease 2019 in pregnant women who applied to the high-risk pregnancy outpatient clinic during the pandemic and investigate whether there is a relationship between these fears.

METHOD: This study is a descriptive cross-sectional study using questionnaires. The Fear of COVID-19 Scale and Fear of Birth Scale for Pregnant Women were validated in Turkish in outpatient women with high-risk pregnancies. The study was carried out with 238 pregnant women between February 15 - April 15, 2021.

RESULTS: The mean age of the pregnant women participating in the study was 30.22 ± 6.01, the mean week of gestation was 30.87 ± 5.56, the total mean of Fear of COVID-19 Scale score was found to be 18.23 ± 6.41, and Fear of Birth Scale for Pregnant Women total mean score was 62.30 ± 25.66. An increased prevalence of anxiety has been found in high-risk pregnant women during the coronavirus disease-2019 pandemic. It was observed that there was a significant, positive, and low-level relationship between Fear of COVID-19 Scale-19 and Fear of Birth Scale for Pregnant Women of high-risk pregnant women (r = .268; p = .000).

CONCLUSION: Prenatal anxiety was prevalent among high-risk pregnant women who required routine anxiety screening and psychosocial support during the coronavirus disease-2019 pandemic.

Cite this article as: Tiryaki, Ö., Zengin, H., Gök, K., Sühha Bostancı, M., & Özden, S. (2022). Concerns of high-risk pregnancies during pandemic: COVID-19 and fear of birth. Florence Nightingale Journal of Nursing, 30(3), 274-280.

EISSN 2687-6442