Florence Nightingale Journal of Nursing
Research Article

Factors Affecting Smoking Behaviors and Smoking Prevalence in Pregnancy and Postpartum Period of Women


Department of Public Health Nursing, Sivas Cumhuriyet University Faculty of Health Science, Sivas, Turkey


Department of Public Health and Familiy Medicine, Yeditepe University, Faculty of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey

Florence Nightingale J Nurs 2020; 28: 230-242
DOI: 10.5152/FNJN.2020.18031
Read: 1748 Downloads: 760 Published: 03 July 2020

Aim: This study aimed to determine the factors affecting smoking behaviors and smoking prevalence among women during pregnancy and postpartum period.

Method: This cross-sectional study was conducted between May 2012 and October 2012 on a sample of 640 women who had children aged between one and three years and who enrolled in any one of the 23 family health centers located in the province of Sivas in Turkey. The data were collected through the questionnaires created by the researchers by interviewing the participants face to face in own homes. The data obtained were analyzed using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences Statistics 15.0 (SPSS Inc.; Chicago, IL, USA) package program and evaluated using number, percentage distribution, chi square test, logistic regression analysis and Kaplan-Meier survival analysis.

Results: Smoking prevalence was found to be 8% during pregnancy and 15.6% in the postpartum period. It was determined that 17.2% of the women smoked before their last pregnancy (n=110), more than half of the smokers quit smoking during pregnancy (n=59), and 46.4% of them continued to smoke during pregnancy. It was determined that 79.7% of the participants who quit smoking during pregnancy relapsed within the first one to three years of the postpartum period, and only 20.3% continued not to smoke. The Kaplan-Meier survival analysis showed that women who breastfed quit smoking for a significantly longer time (27.6 months) compared with those who did not breastfeed (12 months). According to the logistic regression analysis, the risk of postpartum relapse among women aged 30 years or more was 10.99-fold higher than women between the ages of 19 and 29.

Conclusion: The rate of pre-pregnancy smokers decreased in the pregnancy and increased in the postpartum period.

Cite this article as: Kocataş, S., Güler, N., Sezer, R. E. (2020). Factors affecting smoking behaviors and smoking prevalence in pregnancy and postpartum period of women. Florence Nightingale Journal of Nursing, 28(2), 230-242.

EISSN 2687-6442