Florence Nightingale Journal of Nursing
Systematic Review

Ways To Enhance Blood Transfusion Safety: A Systematic Review


Department of Critical Care Nursing and Nursing Management, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran


Department of Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shahroud University of Medical Sciences, Shahroud, Iran


Department of Medical Surgical Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran


Department of Medical Surgical Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran

Florence Nightingale J Nurs 2022; 30: 288-300
DOI: 10.5152/FNJN.2022.21214
Read: 1190 Downloads: 509 Published: 15 August 2022

AIM: Blood product administration is a vital and possibly life-threatening issue that may increase the risk of clinical damage in patients. This review aims to provide a comprehensive review of the ways to improve blood transfusion safety.

METHOD: In order to conduct this systematic review, electronic databases, including PubMed/MEDLINE, EMBASE, Web of Science, Cochrane CENTRAL, Scopus, and Google Scholar, were searched for data of the last 30 years using keywords including patient safety, blood transfusion, risk management, safety management, and transfusion reaction. The inclusion criteria set for the selection of quantitative articles were articles written in English and published in peer-reviewed journals during the mentioned period. In this study the publications are reviewed in line with the PRISMA guide checklist.

RESULTS: Among 6105 articles found during the initial search, 16 articles were finalized for further investigation. Fifty percent of the included articles discussed the use of modern technology including patient identification system, barcode technology, portable computer systems, and databases. Moreover, 31% of the studies evaluated the use of alternative methods for transfusion of blood products including mediastinal blood transfusion, the use of autologous blood in adult patients, the use of cord blood in children, the use of hemoglobin-based oxygen carrier-201, and the injection of fresh whole blood. About 18% of articles drew attention to indications and thresholds as an essential factor increasing patient safety.

CONCLUSION: It was concluded from this study that the use of technology leads to fewer human errors and complications caused by these errors. In addition, some alternative methods can be used in a cost-effective way to reduce serious adverse events caused by common strategies.

Cite this article as: Dehghan Nayeri, N., Nadali, J., Divani, A., & Hatefimoadab, N. (2022). Ways to enhance blood transfusion safety: A systematic review. Florence Nightingale Journal of Nursing, 30(3), 288-300.

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