Florence Nightingale Journal of Nursing
Literatür İnceleme Yazısı

Worker’s Health Behaviors and Influencing Factors: A Systematic Review


Yard. Doç. Dr. İstanbul Üniversitesi Florence Nightingale Hemşirelik Fakültesi


Araş. Gör. Dr. İstanbul Üniversitesi Florence Nightingale Hemşirelik Fakültesi

Florence Nightingale J Nurs 2012; 20: 166-176
Read: 699 Downloads: 360 Published: 17 December 2019

Aim: The aim of this systematic review scrutinize the studies researching the health behaviours such as nutrition, physical activities and smoking and the factors affecting these.

Method: The framework of this study is consisted of 2900 articles having been found from the databases of Pubmed and Scirus. The articles found as full text and published in English and Turkish in the last decade (May 1991-May 2010) by searching the key words of “worker”, “health behaviours” and “healthy life-style behaviours” were chosen for the study. 2562 articles from the database of Pubmed and 338 articles in the periodical named BioMed Central of the database Scirus and found in the Digital Archives as web resources were accessed. Total 11 studies of these articles, which scrutinize the health behaviours of the workers and the factors affecting these behaviours and evaluate the relations between health behaviours and working conditions, socio demographical prosperities and individual perceptions were chosen. The sample of the study is comprised of these total 11 articles.

Results: It was found out that the rate of the smoking workers is between 27.8% and 47%, 36% -56% of them are overweighed, 42.5% have inadequate physical activities and 35% of them prefer fatty and starchy foods in nutrition. It was determined in the studied scrutinized that the factors such as age, working hours, economic insufficiency, marital status, sense of health and gender could be effective in the health behaviours.

Conclusion : Health behaviour levels of the individuals working in the different business lines differ from each other but the factors affecting these health behaviours bear some resemblance. Hence, these factors should be taken into consideration in the planning of the occupational health programs.

EISSN 2687-6442