Florence Nightingale Journal of Nursing
Research Article

Analysis of the Nutrition, Self-Care Skills, and Health Professional Support in Schools of Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder

1.

Department of Public Health Nursing, Ankara Yıldırım Beyazıt University, Ankara, Turkey

2.

Department of Public Health Nursing, Selçuk University, Konya, Turkey

3.

Department of Pediatric Nursing, Hacettepe University, Ankara, Turkey

Florence Nightingale J Nurs 2021; 29: 239-249
DOI: 10.5152/FNJN.2021.19089
Read: 42 Downloads: 23 Published: 18 June 2021

AIM: This study aimed to determine the nutrition, self-care skills, and health professional support of children with autism spectrum disorder.

METHOD: This is a descriptive and cross-sectional study. The parents of 82 children with autism spectrum disorder agreed to participate as part of a study group in 8 special education schools in 3 districts. The schools were selected on the basis of their levels of sociodemographic development. The data were collected and analysed between September 2016 and July 2017 using a two-section questionnaire developed after a literature review.

RESULTS: The majority of the parents (63.4%) had sufficient knowledge with regard to autism spectrum disorder, but the issues that were most lacking in terms of education were care, nutrition, and skills related to daily living (36.2%). The parents wanted to be educated on “nutrition problems,” and “activities of daily living.” The majority of the children lacked self-care skills (82.9%).

CONCLUSION: The most frequently observed nutrition problem in children with autism spectrum disorder was selective eating. In line with the literature, the majority of the children in this study were found to be unable to care for themselves. School nurses can provide support in terms of nutrition and self-care skills in these schools. School health education programmes for parents can be developed to allow for the more rapid and effective resolution of nutrition and self-care problems.

Cite this article as: Kabasakal, E., Özpulat, F., & Bakır, E. (2021). Analysis of nutrition, self-care skills, and health professional support at schools in children with autism spectrum disorder. Florence Nightingale J Nurs, 29(2), 239-249.

Files
EISSN 2687-6442