Florence Nightingale Journal of Nursing
Research Article

Effect of Medication and Dietary Compliance on Rehospitalization and the Quality of Life of Patients with Heart Failure


Department of Internal Medicine Nursing, İnönü University Faculty of Nursing, Malatya, Turkey

Florence Nightingale J Nurs 2020; 28: 184-193
DOI: 10.5152/FNJN.2020.19072
Read: 1717 Downloads: 850 Published: 03 July 2020

Aim: The aim of this study was to determine the effect of medication and dietary compliance on rehospitalization and quality of life of patients with heart failure (HF).

Method: This descriptive correlational study comprised 170 patients with HF. The Patient Identification Questionnaire, Beliefs about Dietary Compliance Scale, Beliefs about Medication Compliance Scale, and Minnesota Living with Heart Failure Questionnaire were used to collect data. Numbers, percentages, mean, independent t-test, analysis of variance, and Pearson correlation analysis were used in the evaluation of the data.

Results: The benefit perception scores of patients in the medication and dietary compliance were at a higher level, and the quality of life total score was at a moderate level. As the number of hospitalizations increased, the quality of life decreased. In addition, medication and dietary compliance affected the rehospitalization and quality of life.

Conclusion: On the basis of the obtained results, this study recommended to impart training to the patients by the nurses about medication and dietary compliance and also to increase the counseling programs.

Cite this article as: Çıtlık-Sarıtaş, S., Dural, G. (2020). Effect of medication and dietary compliance on rehospitalization and the quality of life of patients with heart failure. Florence Nightingale Journal of Nursing, 28(2), 184-193.

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