Florence Nightingale Journal of Nursing
Research Article

Related Factors of Health-Related Quality of Life in Female Nurses with In-Service Training Program


Department of Nursing, College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, Taiwan


Department of Nursing, Fooyin University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan

Florence Nightingale J Nurs 2024; 32: 24-29
DOI: 10.5152/FNJN.2024.23182
Read: 166 Downloads: 82 Published: 28 February 2024

AIM: This study aimed to investigate the related factors of the health-related quality of life among female nurses in in-service training programs.

METHOD: In this cross-sectional study, purpose and snowball sampling methods were employed. Three-hundres thirty eligible individuals enrolled to participate in this study at the four universities in Taiwan. Data were collected from March 2019 to February 2020, and the instruments were the Chinese health questionnaire-12 for measuring self-perceive general health, the Resilience Scale for measuring resilience, the Chinese version of the Maslach Burnout Inventory-Human Service Survey for measuring burnout, and the World Health Organization Quality of Lfe Questionnaire for measuring health-related quality of life.

RESULTS: Three hundred nineteen female nurses participated in this study. Participants self-perceived a moderate level of general health, burnout, and health-related quality of life, but good resilience. The scores of health-related quality of life were significantly different on chronic disease status and regular exercise (t=2.813, p = .005) as well as the significant correlation between health-related quality of life and age (r = −0.160, p = .004), years working as a nurse (r = −.204, p < .001), self-perceived general health (r = −.544, p < .001), burnout (r = −.649, p < .001), and resilience (r = .325, p < .001). However, only years of working as nurse, self-perceived general health, resilience, and burnout were shown to predict healthrelated quality of life, explaining 53.5% of the total variance (adjusted R2=.438, p < .001), with burnout having the highest β value (β=−.453, p=< .001).

CONCLUSION: The related factors of quality of life in female nurses with in-service training program were work year, self-perceived general health, resilience, and burnout. Managers and educators should cooperate to implement strategies that support female nurses, improve resilience, alleviate burnout, and ultimately increase the health-related quality of life of female nurses those in Registered Nurses-Bachelor of Science in Nursing programs.

Cite this article as: Lee, H., Hung, H., & Wang, H. (2024). Related factors of health-related quality of life in female nurses with in-service training program. Florence Nightingale Journal of Nursing, 32(1), 24-29.

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